Sunday, December 16, 2018

Coordinate Geometry Exercise 7.1

Coordinate Geometry Exercise 7.1

 

Page No: 161

1. Find the distance between the following pairs of points:
(i) (2, 3), (4, 1) 

(ii) (−5, 7), (−1, 3)  

(iii) (ab), (−a, − b)

Answer

(i) Distance between the points is given by

(ii) Distance between (−5, 7) and (−1, 3) is given by

(iii) Distance between (ab) and (− a, − b) is given by

2. Find the distance between the points (0, 0) and (36, 15). Can you now find the distance between the two towns A and B discussed in Section 7.2.

Answer

Distance between points (0, 0) and (36, 15)


Yes, Assume town A at origin point (0, 0).
Therefore, town B will be at point (36, 15) with respect to town A.
And hence, as calculated above, the distance between town A and B will be 39 km.

3. Determine if the points (1, 5), (2, 3) and (-2, -11) are collinear.

Answer

Let the points (1, 5), (2, 3), and (- 2,-11) be representing the vertices A, B, and C of the given triangle respectively.Let A = (1, 5), B = (2, 3) and C = (- 2,-11)


Since AB + BC ≠ CA
Therefore, the points (1, 5), (2, 3), and ( - 2, - 11) are not collinear.

4. Check whether (5, - 2), (6, 4) and (7, - 2) are the vertices of an isosceles triangle.

Answer

Let the points (5, - 2), (6, 4), and (7, - 2) are representing the vertices A, B, and C of the given triangle respectively.


Therefore, AB = BC
As two sides are equal in length, therefore, ABC is an isosceles triangle.

5. In a classroom, 4 friends are seated at the points A, B, C and D as shown in the following figure. Champa and Chameli walk into the class and after observing for a few minutes Champa asks Chameli, “Don't you think ABCD is a square?” Chameli disagrees.
Using distance formula, find which of them is correct.

Answer

Clearly from the figure, the coordinates of points A, B, C and D are (3, 4), (6, 7), (9, 4) and (6, 1). 

By using distance formula, we get

It can be observed that all sides of this quadrilateral ABCD are of the same length and also the diagonals are of the same length.
Therefore, ABCD is a square and hence, Champa was correct

6. Name the type of quadrilateral formed, if any, by the following points, and give reasons for your answer:
(i) (- 1, - 2), (1, 0), (- 1, 2), (- 3, 0)
(ii) (- 3, 5), (3, 1), (0, 3), (- 1, - 4)
(iii) (4, 5), (7, 6), (4, 3), (1, 2)

Answer

Let the points ( - 1, - 2), (1, 0), ( - 1, 2), and ( - 3, 0) be representing the vertices A, B, C, and D of the given quadrilateral respectively.
It can be observed that all sides of this quadrilateral are of the same length and also, the diagonals are of the same length. Therefore, the given points are the vertices of a square.

(ii) Let the points ( - 3, 5), (3, 1), (0, 3), and ( - 1, - 4) be representing the vertices A, B, C, and D of the given quadrilateral respectively.
It can be observed that all sides of this quadrilateral are of different lengths. Therefore, it can be said that it is only a general quadrilateral, and not specific such as square, rectangle, etc.

(iii) Let the points (4, 5), (7, 6), (4, 3), and (1, 2) be representing the vertices A, B, C, and D of the given quadrilateral respectively.
It can be observed that opposite sides of this quadrilateral are of the same length. However, the diagonals are of different lengths. Therefore, the given points are the vertices of a parallelogram.

7. Find the point on the x-axis which is equidistant from (2, - 5) and (- 2, 9).

Answer

We have to find a point on x-axis. Therefore, its y-coordinate will be 0.
Let the point on x-axis be (x,0)
(- 2)2 + 25 = (x - 2)2 + 81
x2 + 4 - 4x + 25 = x2 + 4 + 4x + 81
8x = 25 -81
8x = -56
x = -7
Therefore, the point is ( - 7, 0).

8. Find the values of y for which the distance between the points P (2, - 3) and Q (10, y) is 10 units.

Answer

It is given that the distance between (2, - 3) and (10, y) is 10.
64 + (y + 3)2 = 100
(y +3)2 = 36
y + 3 = ±6
y + 3 = +6 or y + 3 = -6
Therefore, y = 3 or -9

9. If Q (0, 1) is equidistant from P (5, - 3) and R (x, 6), find the values of x. Also find the distance QR and PR.

Answer

PQ = QR

41 = x2 + 25
16 = x2
x = ±4
Therefore, point R is (4, 6) or ( - 4, 6).
When point R is (4, 6),

10. Find a relation between x and y such that the point (x, y) is equidistant from the point (3, 6) and (- 3, 4).

Answer

Point (xy) is equidistant from (3, 6) and ( - 3, 4).
x2 + 9 - 6x + y2 + 36 - 12y = x2 + 9 + 6x + y2 + 16 - 8y
36 - 16 = 6x + 6x + 12y - 8y
20 = 12x + 4y
3x + y = 5
3x + y - 5 = 0

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